Jump to content

Enemies within the Gates: Evidence from Stalin's Ethnic Cleansing Campaigns

13.06.2023 14:00 CET Online Seminar Series of the Economics Dept.

Talk by Julia Zimmermann (FU Berlin) as part of the Research Seminar Series of the IOS Economics Department.

This research investigates the impact of the forced relocation of 2.8 million Soviet citizens from the border regions of the Soviet Union to Central Asia between 1937 and 1944 on local labor markets, education, and political decisions. The deportations targeted nine ethnic groups, who were denied their political and administrative rights and forced to work. In 1953, five of these groups were rehabilitated and allowed to return to their former homeland, while the other four remained in internal exile until the collapse of the Soviet Union. The study uses the rehabilitation decree as an instrument to analyze the effects of the deportations on these outcomes. The findings indicate that those in the host regions who did not benefit from labor market complementarities had significantly higher levels of education two generations later, which is not due to institutional inertia or a skills mismatch between non-settler locals and Slavic population. The study also finds that descendants of deportees who returned to their origin regions had higher levels of education, suggesting that these ethnic groups were able to hedge against further negative shocks. Finally, the research shows that descendants of deportees had a higher approval of Soviet rule in the 1991 referendum and displayed complex protest behavior in the late 1980s.                                                                                   

Cookie settings

In addition to technically necessary cookies, this website also uses cookies whose purpose is to analyze website access or personalize your user experience. You can revoke your consent to their use at any time here. More information on the cookies used in detail and your right of revocation can be found in the privacy policy.
Name Usage Duration
privacylayerStatus Agreement Cookie hint1 year
Name Usage Duration
_pk_idMatomo13 months
_pk_refMatomo6 months
_pk_sesMatomo30 minutes
_pk_cvarMatomo30 minutes
_pk_hsrMatomo30 minutes
_pk_testcookieMatomoEnd of session
Name Usage Duration
vimeoVimeo video embedding
youtubeYoutube video embedding