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Dr. Adrian Grama

History Department
Research Associate
  • Description
  • Publications
  • Curriculum vitae
  • Projects
  • Teachings
  • Presentations


Adrian Grama studied Political Science and History in Bucharest and Budapest and was awarded his PhD from the History Department of Central European University (CEU) in 2017. A former postdoc of the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies (2017–2019) and Odobleja Fellow at New Europe College (2019–2020), Grama started work on the DFG Project “Dominant Fictions,” a comparative historical sociology of labor law on the margins of twentieth-century Europe, in November 2020. Taking Portugal and Romania as its empirical case studies, the project explores the longue durée emergence and formalization of the “standard employment relationship,” the supposed norm against which we have come to judge today’s world of work in this era of precarity.



Journal Articles

Grama, Adrian: Exiled Trade-Unionists and the Language of Totalitarianism during the Early Cold War. In: Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 19, 2022, S. 171-189. (Journal with Impact Factor, Refereed Journal)
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Adrian, Grama: People’s History in the Age of Populism. In: Contemporary European History, 2022. (Journal with Impact Factor, Refereed Journal)
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Grama, Adrian: Antidotes to Alienation? The Social Philosophy of Hartmut Rosa. In: New Left Review, 131, 2021, S. 99-118. (Journal with Impact Factor, Refereed Journal)
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Chapters in Edited Volumes

Grama, Adrian: Kojeve si teoria dezvoltarii. In: Stanciu, Ovidiu/State, Andrei (Hrsg.): Puterea conceptului. Proiectul filozofic al lui Alexandre Kojeve. Cluj: Tact, 2021, S. 101-146.
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Grama, Adrian: Labor’s Risks: Work Accidents, the Industrial Wage Relaon and Social Insurance in SocialistRomania. In: Siefert, Marsha (Hrsg.): Labor in State Socialist Europe aer 1945.Contribuons to Global Labor History. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2020, S. 245-271.
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Grama, Adrian: The Antinomy of Workers’ Control in Socialist Eastern Europe. In: Brandon, Pepijn/Müller, Stefan/Jafari, Peyman (Hrsg.): Worlds of Labor Turned Upside Down. Revolutons and Labor Relatons in Global Historical Perspective. Leiden: Brill, 2020, S. 168-197. (Open Access)
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Curriculum vitae


Professional Career
  • Journalist, Übersetzer, Copy-editor, Bukarest, 2008 
  • Research Assistant, Open Society Archives, Budapest, 2011 
  • Odobleja Fellow, New Europe College, Bukarest, 2019–2020 
  • Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter am IOS (DFG-Projekt), seit 11/2020
  • Bachelor-Studium an der Universität Bukarest, Politikwissenschaft, 2003– 2007 
  • Magister-Studium und Doktorand, Central European University, Budapest, 2009–2016 
  • Gastdoktorand, IOS, Regensburg, 2015 



Current Projects
  • “Dominant Fictions”: The Making of Standard Employment in Portugal and Romania (1920s to 2000s) 
    The standard employment relationship is both a legal construct defined by stable, full-time, long-term, dependent and socially protected employment and a category of practice for employers, employees, trade-unions, international organizations and the state. Scholars commonly explain the emergence and development of standard employment through a complex set of factors including Fordism, collective bargaining and the welfare state and locate its historical matrix in postwar Western Europe. This project argues that the standard employment relationship also developed on the Southern and Eastern periphery of Europe throughout the past century, in circumstances defined by low-wage industrialization, labor incorporation, and the progressive juridification of labor relations under both authoritarian and democratic political regimes. Taking Portugal and Romania as case studies, this project investigates how domestic policy-makers, legal experts, trade-unionists and international organizations contributed to making standard employment standard by way of extending this specific employment relationship to the majority of the active working population. Drawing on archival and published sources, this project contributes an empirically rich and theoretically informed longue durée historical perspective on the dynamics that inform current debates about the precarization of employment and the flexibilization of labor markets in Europe and beyond.


Summer term 2021
  • Narratives of Europe in the Twentieth Century, Proseminar, Universität Regensburg


  • Precarity under the Law. Capitalism, Socialism and the Employment Contract on the Margins of Twentieth Century Europe Lehrstuhl für die Geschichte des 19-21 Jahrhunderts, Historisches Seminar, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, 07.11.2022.
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  • Histories of Work in the Interwar Epoch. invited lecture & film discussion with Ana Szel and Liri Alienor Chapelan Cinemateca Română, Bucharest, Romania, Bukarest, 07.10.2022.
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  • GESTURES OF LABOUR - FILMVORFÜHRUNG UND PODIUMSDISKUSSION (Das Programm (kuratiert von Christian Ferencz-Flatz und Ana Szel) präsentiert eine Auswahl von Nutzfilmen, die zwischen den 1950er und 1970er Jahren produziert wurden - kurze wissenschaftliche Filme, Arbeitsschutzfilme, Industriefilme oder auch Werbefilme - die alle auf die eine oder andere Weise die Gesten der Arbeit in den Vordergrund stellen. Auf die Vorführung, die von der Rumänischen Kinemathek als Sonderausgabe der Vorführungsreihe "Să film" - im Rahmen der Partnerschaft zwischen der Nationalen Universität für Theater und Film (UNATC) und dem Rumänischen Filmarchiv (ANF) - veranstaltet wird, folgt eine Podiumsdiskussion, die sich mit den Darstellungen der Arbeit während des kommunistischen Regimes und heute befasst, mit Bezug auf die in der Ausstellung "Labor in a Single Shot" gezeigten Werke. Speaker*innen: Alex. Cistelecan, Ștefan Baghiu, Alexandru Bejinariu, Christian Ferencz-Flatz, Adrian Grama (online), Adela Hâncu (online), Delia Popa (online) und Ana Szel.). Goethe-Institut, Bukarest, 25.02.2022.
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  • Before Flexibility. Labor, Law and Capital in Interwar Romania and Portugal. Rijeka-Regensburg Lectures Leibniz-Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), online, 14.12.2021.
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